Conjugate the following verbs in the present and past tenses as well as the present and past perfect tenses: break, throw, take, steal, and strike (one conjugation chart per verb/tense).
The conjugation chart is as follows:
For those who requested the notes:
10/11 – INTRO TO TENSE
Verb tense = when something happens
There are three simple tenses – present, past, and future – and three perfect tenses – present perfect, past perfect, and future perfect.
Present – happens now
• Third person singular form adds s/es (if verb ends in a vowel like go)
• The other forms are the same
• Irregulars – to be – I am; you are; he/she/it is; we are; you are; they are; to have – I have; you have; he/she/it has
Ex: She (SUBJ) enjoys (VERB - TRANSITIVE) typing (DO – what she enjoys) these notes in English class.
Ex: They (SUBJ) hate (VERB – TRANSITIVE) Mr. Chapin (whom they hate).
Past tense – Happened already – action completed
• Will add ED ending unless verb is irregular
• See list (handout tomorrow)
Ex: Regular verb – They decided (past tense INT) to see a movie.
Ex: Irregular – They went (past tense of to go) to the movie.
DO NOT CONFUSE PAST TENSE w/ PAST PARTICIPLE FORM – Past participle form is when an auxiliary (helping) verb comes before the main verb – MV takes this past participle form
Ex: He has (AUX) written (MV in past part form) an exciting essay.
Conjugate the following verbs in the present and past tenses – to see; to be; to bring; to write; to go + read and annotate 67-70 FWD reading.
10/12 – Cont. of verb conjugation notes:
Future tense = event will take place at an undetermined time in the future (hasn’t happened yet)
Two ways to construct the future tense:
WILL + BASE FORM OF VERB (this structure does not change regardless of the subj being singular or plural): will see; will jump Ex: Mr. Chapin will celebrate his 30th birthday this year.
TO BE (PRES TENSE) + GOING + INFINITIVE (unconjugated form of verb that begins with to and is followed by the base form) Ex: She is (TO BE PRES) going to see (INFIN) her mother tomorrow.
Present perfect tense = action that starts in the past and continues into the future
AUX VERB HAS (SING)/HAVE (PL) + Past participle form of MV
Ex: Larry has (AUX) given (PAST PART MV) food to the homeless since 1995.
Ex: The children have (AUX) seen (PAST PART MV) that movie many times.
Ex: They have (AUX) added (PAST PART MV) you to their directory.
Past perfect = action that must be completed in the past before another action in the past can happen
AUX VERB HAD + PAST PARTICIPLE MV
He had (AUX) attended (MV Past part) Fairfield University before he enrolled at Iona.
They had (AUX) discussed (PAST PART) the issue at length; still, the student did not complete his homework.
English Assignments 7-12
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