Copy the following notes:
Contin. of Melting Pot Theory notes:
Salad Bowl Theory:
• This idea differs from other analogies, particularly the salad bowl analogy where the ingredients are encouraged to retain their cultural identities, thus retaining their integrity and flavor while contributing to a tasty and nutritious salad (“Melting Pot”).
Ethnic Stew Theory:
Yet another food analogy is that of the ethnic stew, where there is a level of compromise between integration and cultural distinctiveness (Laubeov).
The problem with all of these:
• The bottom line is that people are people, not food. Despite the variety of food metaphors at our disposal, the power of this rhetoric is limited and wears thin during pragmatic application. Food metaphors can be useful, but we do not need more vague metaphors that lead to interpretive disparities.
• What we need is an entirely new dialogue on the subject, one that completely and clearly redefines America’s objective for a multiethnic society that allows for diversity, not just in the private realm, but also in the public sphere.
• We do not need a coercive assimilation program that reverts back to outdated nationalistic paranoia. We need an inclusive working social theory that unites the disparate enclaves of this society into a manageable entity moving in the same collective direction.
As America became a country of immigrants, as more diverse peoples began populating this great land, stereotyping was one reaction to the cultural changes taking place. Is hatred an extension of stereotyping or are they mutually exclusive? In short, neither of these questions is a fair one to ask.
• Stereotypes are derived from ignorance. They can be signals of hatred, but they, in certain instances, are mutually exclusive. Ex: A Black American that makes a racial joke within his cultural group – does he hate them? No.
• Xenophobia and ethnocentrism are not mutually exclusive of stereotypes. They’re a reaction to stereotypes.
• Hatred very well could be a byproduct of stereotyping, xenophobia, and ethnocentrism.
• Again, fear plays a role in fueling stereotypes and xenophobia.
Vocabulary in Connection to Hate:
• Hatred – Intense dislike/ill will
• Xenophobia – Intense or irrational dislike or fear of people from other countries.
• Ethnocentrism - evaluation of other cultures according to preconceptions originating in the standards and customs of one's own culture.
How would you characterize Junior’s drawing on 182?
• How Junior is viewed on rez v. @ Reardan
• Why is this game more than just a game to Junior? Examples of games that had greater significance than just the game itself: 1968 Olympics – Tommie Smith & John Carlos holding up fist (Black Power) + forgotten Peter Norman; 1936 Olympics in Nazi Germany – Jesse Owens v. Hitler’s Aryan ideology; 1980 Miracle on Ice – USA defeats USSR – representative of the Cold War feud.
Explain the figurative significance (4-5 sentences) of Junior’s quoting of Madea from Euripides: “‘What greater grief than the loss of one’s native land?’” (173)
Interpret (4-5 sentences) Junior’s saying, “Rowdy and I pretended that we weren’t looking at each other. But, man, oh, man, we were sending some serious hate signals across the gym. I mean, you have to love somebody that much to also hate them that much, too” (191). Is this the same hatred as we talked about above?
English Assignments 7-12
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